HASENCLEVER, WALTER

HASENCLEVER, WALTER (1890–1940), German poet and playwright. Born in Aachen of a Jewish mother and a non-Jewish father, Hasenclever served in the German army during World War I but his experiences made him a pacifist. After 1918 he worked for a time as a foreign correspondent in Paris and the U.S. Leaving Germany in 1933, he eventually settled in France. After the French collapse in 1940, Hasenclever was twice interned and, fearing the arrival of the Nazis, committed suicide in a detention camp near Aix-en-Provence. A friend of the critic Kurt Pinthus and of franz werfel , Hasenclever was an early expressionist who became famous with his revolutionary drama, Der Sohn (1914). This dealt with the conflict between the generations and preached resistance to blind authority. Three verse collections were Der Juengling (1913), Todund Auferstehung (1917), and Gedichte an Frauen (1922). His pacifist ideas were expressed in the plays Der Retter (1916), and Antigone (1917), while satire and pathos distinguished such later dramas as Die Menschen (1918), Gobseck (1922) and Mord (1926). In Jenseits (1920) Hasenclever briefly turned to the occult. From the late 1920s he wrote plays in a more comic or ironic spirit, such as Ehen werden im Himmel geschlossen (1928) and Napoleon greift ein (1929). He also wrote German versions of foreign plays and films, one of his collaborators being ernst toller . His drama Muenchhausen, written in 1934, appeared posthumously in 1952. His collected works in five volumes (ed. D. Breuer and B. Witte) appeared in 1990–97 and a selection of his letters in two volumes (ed. D. Breuer and B. Kasties) appeared in 1994. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: K. Pinthus, in: W. Hasenclever, Gedichte, Dramen, Prosa (1963), 6–62; H. Kesten, Meine Freunde, die Poeten (1959), 229–36; A. Soergel and C. Hohoff, Dichtung und Dichter der Zeit, 2 (1963), 274–81. ADD. BIBLIOGRAPHY: H. Denkler, in: B. Poll, Rheinische Lebensbilder, 4 (1970), 251–72; M. Raggam, Walter Hasenclever, Leben und Werk (1973); D. Breuer, Walter Hasenclever (1890–1940) (1990, 19962); B. Kasties, Walter Hasenclever, eine Biographie der deutschen Moderne, (1994); C. Spreitzer, From Expressionism to Exile: The Works of Walter Hasenclever (1890–1940) (1999); B. Schommers-Kretschmer, Philosophie und Poetologie im Werk von Walter Hasenclever (2000); K. Schuhmann, Walter Hasenclever, Kurt Pinthus uns Frant Werfel im Leipziger Kurt-Wolff-Verlag (1913–1919) (2000).

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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  • Hasenclever, Walter — ▪ German writer born July 8, 1890, Aachen, Ger. died June 21, 1940, Les Milles, France  German Expressionist (Expressionism) poet and dramatist whose work is a protest against bourgeois materialism and the war making state.       After studying… …   Universalium

  • Hasenclever, Walter — (1890 1940)    writer; among the Weimar era s most respected playwrights. Born to a well established Jewish family in Aachen, he went to Oxford at the wish of his father (a respected physician) to study law. Tiring of the law, he broke with his… …   Historical dictionary of Weimar Republik

  • Hasenclever, Walter — (1890 1940)    Playwright. Hasenclever began as a poet of Expressionism, though he is best known as a playwright of that style. His Der Sohn (The Son) premiered in 1916 at the Dresden Albert Theater and was afterward produced in several theaters …   Historical dictionary of German Theatre

  • Hasenclever, Walter —    см. Газенклевер, Вальтер …   Энциклопедический словарь экспрессионизма

  • Walter Hasenclever — (Aquisgrán, 8 de julio de 1890 Les Milles, cerca de Aix en Provence, 22 de junio de 1940) fue un escritor expresionista alemán. Estudió derecho en Oxford, terminando la carrera en Lausanne. Instalado en Leipzig, comenzó a interesarse por la… …   Wikipedia Español

  • HASENCLEVER (W.) — HASENCLEVER WALTER (1890 1940) Porte parole de l’expressionnisme, Hasenclever a écrit avec Le Fils (1916) la première pièce expressionniste jouée en Allemagne. Dans cette pièce déterminante, le père symbolise tout ce qui opprime l’être humain. La …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Walter Hasenclever — Gedenktafel am Haus Ludwig Barnay Platz 3 in der Künstlerkolonie Berlin …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Hasenclever — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Alexander Hasenclever (1918–1990), deutscher Arzt und Berliner Politiker Andreas Hasenclever (* 1962), deutscher Professor für Friedensforschung und Internationale Politik Christa Hasenclever (1906–1992),… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Hasenclever — Hasenclever,   1) Johann Peter, Maler, * Remscheid 18. 5. 1810, ✝ Düsseldorf 16. 12. 1853; Vertreter der Düsseldorfer Schule, studierte an der Düsseldorfer Akademie bei W. von Schadow und F. T. Hildebrandt, ab 1838 in München. 1840 unternahm er …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Hasenclever — may refer to:* Walter Hasenclever (1890–1940), German writer * Wilhelm Hasenclever (1837–1889), German politician …   Wikipedia

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